5.成语故事 英文版

6.寻 成语故事英文翻译




       The Frog in the Shallow Well (Jing Di Zhi Wa)

       Have you not heard of the frog that lived in a shallow well? It said to a turtle that lived in the East Sea, "I am so happy! When I go out, I jump about on the railing beside the mouth of the well. When I come home, I rest in the holes on the broken wall of the well. If I jump into the water, it comes up to my armpits and holds up my cheeks. If I walk in the mud, it covers up my feet. I look around at the wriggly worms, crabs and tadpoles, and none of them can compare with me. Moreover, I am lord of this trough of water and I stand up tall in this shallow well. My happiness is full. My dear sir, why don't you come often and look around my place?"

       Before the turtle from the East Sea could get its left foot in the well, its right knee got stuck. It hesitated and retreated. The turtle told the frog about the East Sea.

       "Even a distance of a thousand li cannot give you an idea of the sea's width; even a height of a thousand ren cannot give you an idea of its depth. In the time of King Yu of the Xia dynasty, there were floods nine years out of ten, but the waters in the sea did not increase. ln the time of King Tang of the Shang dynasty there were droughts seven years out of eight, but the waters in the sea did not decrease. The sea does not change along with the passage of time and its level does not rise or fall according to the amount of rain that falls. The greatest happiness is to live in the East Sea."

       After listening to these words, the frog of the shallow well was shocked into realization of his own insignificance and became very ill at ease.



       A Bird Startled by the Mere Twang of a Bow-String

        This set phrase figuratively denotes those who have suffered disasters and so have a lingering fear when anything happen.

        During the War Period ,in the Wèi State there lived a famous archer named Gēng léi.

        One day,Gēng léi and the King of Wei standing on a high terrace saw some birds flying past.

        At this Gēng léi said to the King:"I'll shoot a flying bird down for YourMajesty by drawing a bow with no arrow."

        The King asked,"Is it possible that one's archery can attain such a level?"

        A little later,a wild goose was flying from the east.

        Gēng léi just drew his bow but didn't shoot an arrow.

        As expected,the wild goose fell to the ground with the twang.

        The King asked in surprise,"How can your archery reach such a high level?"

        Gēng léi replied ,"This wild goose has been wounded."

        The King got more surprised,asking,"How do you know it,sir?"

        Gēng léi esplained,"This wild goose flew slowly and cried sadly.Its flying slowly suggested that it was still aching with the old wound; its crying sadly suggested that it had strayed long from its flock.When it heard the twang the wild goose had to flutter hard to fly high for its life.So it is evitably fell down with its old wound burst."



       Making His Mark (Ke Zhou Qiu Jian)

       A man from the state of Chu was crossing a river. In the boat, his sword fell into the water. Immediately he made a mark on the boat.

       "This is where my sword fell off," he said.

       When the boat stopped moving, he went into the water to look for his sword at the place where he had marked the boat.

       The boat had moved but the sword had not. Is this not a very foolish way to look for a sword?


       volunteer to do sth/recommend oneself毛遂自荐

        In the Warring States Period, the State of Qin besieged the capital of the State of Zhao.战国时代,秦国军队攻打赵国的都城。

        Duke Pingyuan of Zhao planned to ask the ruler of the State of Chu personally for assistance.He wanted to select a capable man to go with him. 赵国的平原君打算亲自到楚国去请救兵,想挑选一个精明能干的人一同前去。

        A man called Mao Sui volunteered. 有一个名叫毛遂的人,自告奋勇愿意同去。

        When the negotiactions between the two states were stalled because the ruler of Chu hesitated to send troops, Mao Sui approached him, brandishing a sword. At that, the ruler of Chu agreed to help Zhao, against Qin.平原君到楚国后,与楚王谈了半天,没有一点结果。毛遂怒气冲冲地拿着宝剑,逼近楚王,终于迫使楚王答应出兵,与赵国联合共同抵抗秦国。

        This idiom means to recommend oneself.“毛遂自荐”这个成语用来比喻自己推荐自己,不必别人介绍。


        英文中“毛遂自荐”可以说成“volunteer to do sth”,“volunteer”既可以作名词,也可以作动词,作名词时的意思是“志愿者”,作动词就可以解释为“志愿去做什么事”,就是“毛遂自荐”啦~


        Our company volunteered to support and help the victims. 我们的公司毛遂自荐来帮助受灾灾民。

        You can volunteer to work one or multiple shifts。你可以毛遂自荐做单班制,也可以选择多班制。




        成语寓言故事:Playing the Lute to a Cow对牛弹琴

       Gong Mingyi was a famous musician in ancient times, who played the lute very well.



       One day, while playing the lute indoors, Gong Mingyi saw a cow eating grass leisurely outside the window. He had a sudden whim to play some melodies for the cow. He first played the "Exercise of Qing Jiao", but the cow still kept on eating grass with head lowered. He seemed to realize that the melody was too highbrow for the cow to understand.


       So he played several other melodies, imitating the buzzing sounds of swarms of flying mosquitoes, and the bleats of a calf looking for its panions. At this, to his surprise, the cow stopped eating grass, but raised its head, pricked up its ears, wagged its tail and, pacing up and down in *** all steps, began to listen attentively.


        成语寓言故事:The Gentleman on the Beam梁上君子

       One year in the Eastern Han Dynasty, there was a serious famine in I-Jenan.


       One night, a thief sneaked into Chen Shi's house and hid himself on the beam. When Chen Shi was aware of this, he got out of bed without haste, called his children and grandchildren to his room and said in a stern voice:


       "One must always restrain and encourage oneself no matter under what circumstances. Bad men were not born bad. It is only bee they don't restrain themselves that they develop bad habits and turn bad gradually. That gentleman on the beam is just a case in point."


       Much ashamed upon hearing this, the thief hiding on the beam promptly jumped down to the ground, kowtowed and begged for forgiveness.


       Chen Shi enlightened him by saying:


       "Judging from your appearance, you don't look like a bad man. Perhaps you are driven by poverty to steal. But you should carefully examine yourself and turn over a new leaf."


       Then he immediately asked someone to bring two bolts of white silk to give the thief as a present. The thief kowtowed and thanked him repeatedly.


       Since then, very few thefts occurred in this locality.


成语寓言故事:Cutting the Fabric to Admonish the Hu *** and断织诫夫

       A long time ago, in Henan there was a young man named Le whose family was very poor.


       One day, Le Yangzi picked up a piece of gold on the road. He happily took it home and gave it to his wife. His wife said in all seriousness:


       "I heard that men with aspiration do not drink from the Dao ***meaning steal in Chinese*** Spring, and honest men do not take handout food. Furthermore, picked-up money and things will stain one's moral character."


       Hearing this, Yangzi was very ashamed of himself. So he threw the piece of gold away in the open field.


       This incident touched Le Yangzi deeply. He made up his mind to leave home and go to a faraway place to study under a master.


       One year later, Le Yangzi returned home. His wife inquired why he returned so soon. Le Yangzi *** iled and said:


       "There is no other reason except that I, being all alone away from home, miss you so much that I e back."


       His wife turned pale at his words. She took up a knife, ran to the silk loom, put the knife on the silk fabric woven from natural silk, and said to Le Yangzi in an agitated tone:


       "I reeled silk strand by strand from cocoons and, with the shuttle moving to and fro, weaved it inch by inch into this bolt of silk fabric. Now if I should cut the fabric with the knife, all the previous efforts and time I've devoted would be wasted. While studying, you should always remind yourself that there is yet much more to learn. Only in this way can you cultivate a noble moral character. If you give up halfway, it will be just like cutting up this silk fabric at one stroke."


       Deeply moved by his wife's words, Le Yangzi bid farewell to her at once, went to the faraway place, and made determined efforts to study hard. He had been away from home for a good seven years, and finally succeeded in his studies.






       Sitting by a Stump, Waiting for a Careless Hare

       In the Spring and Autumn Period, a former in the state of Song was one day working in the fields when he saw a rabbit bump into a tree stump accidentually and break its neck. The former took the rabbit home and cooked himself a delicious meal. That night he thought:"I neednt work so hard. All I have to do is wait for a rabbit each day by the stump." So from then on he gave up farming, and simply sat by the stump waiting for the rabbits to come and run into it.

       This idiom satirizes those who just wait for a stroke of luck, rather than making efforts to obtain what they need.

成语故事 英文版



       平原君回到赵国后感慨地说:“毛先生一至楚,而使楚重于九鼎大吕The warring states, qin army surround the zhao4 guo2's nagara handan, the situation was very urgent, zhao monarch king appointed plain gentleman filial piety to go begging. To chu Plain going to lead 20 to finish the mission, and, MenKe already picked the nineteenth, still less a name shall not come down. At this time, MAO hence proposed to go, plain herassessment salt, reluctantly prince took him went to chu. Plain gentleman to chu immediately after the king talked with the assistance zhao ", talked about the along while also no results. At this time, for the king hair wait, said: "we come here today you send reinforcements, you say, you don't forget, chu although soldiers much bigger, but repeatedly defeats, even countries and lost, in my opinion, chu need more than zhao4 guo2's combined resistance to qin!" Hair wait goes speak oral needs, immediately promised king mullen aassistance zhao. Plain gentleman zhao4 guo2's back after regrets ground say: "hair sir, which enables one to chu chu heavier than the nine tripods big lu."

寻 成语故事英文翻译

       掩耳盗铃Plugging One's Ears While Stealing a Bell





       Plugging One's Ears While Stealing a Bell

       During the Spring and Autumn period,Zhi Bo of the State of Jin destroyed Fan's family.Taking advantage of this occasion,a man went to Fan's house and tried to steal something.As soon as the man entered the gate,he saw that there hung a big bell in the courtyard.The bell was cast in high-quality bronza,and was beautiful in design and shape.The theif was very glad,and decided to carry this beautiful bell back home.But no matter how hard he tried,he could not move the bell,because the bell was both big and heavy.He thought and thought again,and believed there was only one way to solve the problem.He had to break the bell to pieces before he was able to carry them back to his home separately.

       The thief found a big iron hammer,with which he struck the bell with all his might.The striking produced an enormous crashing sound,which might.The striking produced an enormous crashing sound,which made the thief terribly frightened.The thief got flurried,thinking that it was too bad to have produced the crashiing sound which would himself on the bell,trying to muffle the crashing sound with his arms.But how could the crashing sound of the bell be muffled?The crashing sound still kept drifting melodiously to distant places.The more he listened to the sound,the more frightened hw became.He xubconsciously shrank back,and covered his ears hard with his hands."Hey,the sound becomes fainter,inaudible,"the thief became cheerful at once," wonderful!The sound of the bell can not be heard when the ears are covered."He immediately got some odd bits of cloth,made two rolls with them,and had his ears plugged with the two cloth rolls.He thought that in this way nobody could hear the sound of the bell.Feeling relieved,he began striking the bell,one blow after another.The resounding sound of the bell was heard at distant places,and finally people caught the thief by gracing the sound.

       This story comes from"Knowing Yourself" in The Annals by Buwei,written just before the Qin Dynasty(221-207 B.C.)was founded.Allegedly,when Li Yuan,Emperor Gao Zu of the Tang Dynasty(618-907),read this story,he felt it simply ridiculous and said,"This is what is called plugging one's ears while stealing a bell."

       Later,people have used the set phrase "plugging one's ears while stealing a bell" to refer to the ignorance and foolishness of the person who deceives himself as well as others.

       笨鸟先飞A slow sparrow should make an early start.

        不眠之夜white night

        不遗余力spare no effort; go all out; do one"s best

        不打不成交"No discord, no concord.

        拆东墙补西墙rob Peter to pay Paul

        大开眼界open one"s eyes; broaden one"s horizon; be an eye-opener

        国泰民安The country flourishes and people live in peace

        功夫不负有心人Everything comes to him who waits.

        好了伤疤忘了疼once on shore, one prays no more

        和气生财Harmony brings wealth

        活到老,学到老One is never too old to learn.

        既往不咎let bygones be bygones

        金无足赤,人无完人Gold can"t be pure and man can"t be perfect.

        金玉满堂Treasures fill the home

        脚踏实地be down-to-earth

        脚踩两只船sit on the fence

        老生常谈,陈词滥调cut and dried, cliché

        礼尚往来Courtesy calls for reciprocity.

        留得青山在,不怕没柴烧"Where there is life, there is hope."

        马到成功achieve immediate victory; win instant success

        名利双收gain in both fame and wealth

        茅塞顿开be suddenly enlightened

        弄巧成拙be too smart by half; Cunning outwits itself.


        赔了夫人又折兵throw good money after bad

        抢得先机take the preemptive opportunities

        强强联手win-win co-operation

        瑞雪兆丰年A timely snow promises a good harvest.

        人之初,性本善Man"s nature at birth is good.

        人逢喜事精神爽Joy puts heart into a man.

        人海战术huge-crowd strategy

        世上无难事,只要肯攀登"Where there is a will, there is a way. "

        世外桃源a fictitious land of peace away from the turmoil of the world;

        死而后已until my heart stops beating

        岁岁平安Peace all year round

        塞翁失马,焉知非福Misfortune may be an actual blessing.

        升级换代updating and upgrading (of products)

        四十不惑Life begins at forty.

        水涨船高When the river rises, the boat floats high.

        时不我待Time and tide wait for no man.

        杀鸡用牛刀break a butterfly on the wheel

        说曹操,曹操到Talk of the devil and he comes.

        实话实说speak the plain truth; call a spade a spade; tell it as it is

        实践是检验真理的唯一标准Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.

        糖衣炮弹sugar-coated bullets

        天有不测风云Anything unexpected may happen. a bolt from the blue

        团结就是力量Unity is strength.

        歪风邪气unhealthy practices and evil phenomena

        物以类聚,人以群分Birds of a feather flock together.

        望子成龙hold high hopes for one"s child

        屋漏又逢连阴雨Misfortunes never come singly. When it rains it pours.

        文韬武略military expertise; military strategy

        唯利是图draw water to one"s mill

        无源之水,无本之木water without a source, and a tree wiithout roots

        无中生有make/create something out of nothing

        徇私枉法bend the law for the benefit of relatives or friends

        新官上任三把火a new broom sweeps clean

        蓄势而发accumulate strength for a take-off

        心想事成May all your wish come true

        先入为主First impressions are firmly entrenched.

        先下手为强catch the ball before the bound

        像热锅上的蚂蚁like an ant on a hot pan

        现身说法warn people by taking oneself as an example

        息事宁人pour oil on troubled waters

        喜忧参半mingled hope and fear

        循序渐进step by step

        鱼米之乡a land of milk and honey

        有情人终成眷属"Jack shall have Jill, all shall be well."

        有钱能使鬼推磨Money makes the mare go. Money talks.

        有识之士people of vision

        有勇无谋use brawn rather than brain

        与时俱进advance with times

        以人为本people oriented; people foremost

        因材施教teach students according to their aptitude

        欲速则不达Haste does not bring success.

        优胜劣汰survival of the fittest

        英雄所见略同Great minds think alike.

        冤家宜解不宜结Better make friends than make enemies.

        一言既出,驷马难追A real man never goes back on his words.

        招财进宝Money and treasures will be plentiful

        债台高筑become debt-ridden

        致命要害Achilles" heel

        众矢之的target of public criticism

        纸上谈兵be an armchair strategist

        纸包不住火Truth will come to light sooner or later.